Using the codon table below, what conclusions can be drawn about
the genetic code?
Genetic code can be defined as the coding dictionary that
specifies the meaning of each base sequence occurring in mRNA to
code for a specific amino acid. The genetic code has properties
1. Genetic code is degenerate that means several codons of the
genetic code have the same meaning.
2. The genetic code is specific that means each codon
specifically codes for an amino acid.
3. The genetic code is universal that means each codon always
specifies same amino acids in all organisms but have few
4. The genetic code is nonoverlapping that means it is
continuous and not separated by any punctuation marks so as the
mRNA reads it as continuous coding sequence.
In genetic code three codons do not code for any amino acid
because they are STOP codons. Except Methionine, all other amino
acids are encoded by more than one codon. Therefore, options 1 and
2 are correct.