What were the causes and effects to the Spanish-American war?

I need to know!!! Help me out folks.


12 Answers

  • Causes:

    The USA had been waiting for the appropriate moment to intervene in Cuba to seize new territories outside of their country. When they realized that the Cuban insurgents were close to defeat the Spaniards they intervened in the war to snatch the victory from the Cubans and try to keep Cuba.

    Imperialistic phase of the USA

    By the way, it is Cuban – Hispanic – American war. The Cubans had been fighting since 1868 against Spain


    The Cubans did not allow to be ruled by the USA, and therefore, the USA were forced to grant them their independence, but with the Platt amendment, that allowed them to intervene in Cuba whenever they wanted

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    What were the causes and effects to the Spanish-American war?

    I need to know!!! Help me out folks.


  • Cause: waiting for spainards to do something so america could get into the war so the sinking of the uss maine was perfect

    Effect: it helped make america imperalist

  • The sinking of the Maine (at the time they thought a Spanish mine; but it was a coal explosion) and the newspaper sensationalizing it was the cause I was taught.

    An effect was that relatively quickly, the US had gone from a continental power to an empire, acquiring places like the Philippines, Puerto Rico.

    It also effectively ended Spain’s power.

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    For several centuries Spain’s position as a world power had been slipping away. By the late nineteenth century the nation was left only a few scattered possessions in the Pacific, Africa, and the West Indies. Much of the empire had gained its independence and a number of the areas still under Spanish control were clamoring to do so. Guerrilla forces were operating in the Philippines, and had, for decades, been present in Cuba. The Spanish government did not have the financial resources or the manpower to deal with these revolts and thus turned to expedients of building camps to separate the rebels from their rural base of support. The Spaniards also carried out many executions of suspected rebels and harshly treated villages and individuals thought to be supporting them. By the end of the 1890s, the rebels had mostly been defeated and Cuba was returning to a relative peace. In the long run, however, Spain’s position was completely untenable. These events in Cuba coincided in the 1890s with a battle for readership between the American newspaper chains of Hearst and Pulitzer. Hearst’s style of “yellow journalism” would outdo Pulitzer’s, and he infamously used the power of his press to influence American opinion in favor of war. Often completely fabricated or just simply inflammatory, Hearst published sensationalized tales of atrocities in which the “cruel Spanish” (see Black Legend) were inflicting on the “hapless Cubans”. Outraged by the “inhumanity” of the Spanish, Americans were stirred up to pushing for an “intervention”, which even the most jaded hawks, like a young Theodore Roosevelt, would treat as a mostly dress-up affair. Hearst is famously quoted in his response to a request by his illustrator Frederick Remington to return home from a uneventful and docile stay in Havana, writing: “Please remain. You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war.” There were, however, more genuine pressures pushing towards war. The United States Navy had recently grown considerably, but it was still untested, and many old war dogs were eager to test and use their new tools. The Navy had drawn up plans for attacking the Spanish in the Philippines over a year before hostilities broke out. The end of western expansion and of large-scale conflict with Native Americans also left the Army with little to do, and army leadership hoped that some new task would come. From an early date, many in the United States had felt that Cuba was “rightly” theirs. The so-called theory of manifest destiny made the island just off the coast of Florida seem an attractive candidate for American “expansion”. Much of the island’s economy was already in American hands, and most of its trade, much of which was black market, was with the U.S. Some business leaders pushed for conflict as well. In the words of Senator John M. Thurston of Nebraska: “War with Spain would increase the business and earnings of every American railroad, it would increase the output of every American factory, it would stimulate every branch of industry and domestic commerce.” In Spain, the government was not entirely averse to war. The U.S. was an unproven power, while the Spanish navy, however decrepit, had a glorious history, and it was thought it could be a match for the U.S. There was also a widely held notion among Spain’s aristocratic leaders that the United States’ ethnically mixed army and navy could never survive under severe pressure. Hostilities were halted on August 12. The formal peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris (1898), was signed in Paris on December 10, 1898 and was ratified by the United States Senate on February 6, 1899. The United States gained almost all of Spain’s colonies, including the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. Cuba was granted independence, but the United States imposed various restrictions on the new government, including prohibiting alliances with other countries. On August 14, 1898, 11,000 ground troops were sent to occupy the Philippines. When U.S. troops began to take the place of the Spanish in control of the country, warfare broke out between U.S. forces and the Filipinos. The resulting Philippine-American War was long, bloody, and ultimately unsuccessful in quashing the Filipino nationalists’ drive for independence, incurring thousands of military and civilian casualties during its fourteen-year span.

  • The interfearence of media was a cause.

    Spanish lost all its colonies in Atlantic and Pacific ocean

  • William Randolph Hurst told his reporters to furnish the story and he, Hurst, would furnish the war.

    It was the first made for AmeriKan consumption war in history.

  • Main cause. William Randolph Hearst.

    Main effect: America took over Phillipines, and the Germans mistakenly made the assumption that Americans were militarily incompetent.

  • it caned amerca some land, and it help astablish amarca as a world superpower

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